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Apache HttpClient使用注意 资源释放、请求超时 内存不足问题

位置:首页 > java教程 > java技巧,2018-08-15 10:19
Apache HttpClient 资源释放、请求超时,导致线程池用光、内存不足
Apache HttpClient,据说很强大,可以支持峰值一秒7万以上的请求。不过需要注意一些资源释放和超时处理的问题。

问题1:线程资源无法释放,最终导致内存不足、或线程池被用光。

问题代码:

private static HttpClient httpClient = HttpClientBuilder.create().build();
private void sendHttpPost(String httpUrl, Object body) {
   try {
      HttpPost request = new HttpPost(httpUrl);
      StringEntity params = new StringEntity(new ObjectMapper().writeValueAsString(body), "UTF-8");
      request.addHeader("content-type", "application/json");
      request.setEntity(params);
      httpClient.execute(request); //问题代码
   } catch (Exception ex) {
      logger.error("Http post error. body={}", body, ex);
   }
}
原因:httpClient.execute()执行的返回值response没有被close,导致线程一直在等待。
解决:改用CloseableHttpClient,并保证httpClient.execute()执行的response最终被close掉。而httpClient无需close,可以重复使用。
改正后的代码:
//private static HttpClient httpClient = HttpClientBuilder.create().build();
private static CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClientBuilder.create().build();
private void sendHttpPost(String httpUrl, Object body) {
   try {
      HttpPost request = new HttpPost(httpUrl);
      StringEntity params = new StringEntity(new ObjectMapper().writeValueAsString(body), "UTF-8");
      request.addHeader("content-type", "application/json");
      request.setEntity(params);
      //httpClient.execute(request);
      try (CloseableHttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(request)) { //response.close()会被自动调用
         //result = this.extractResultInfo(response);
      }catch (Exception ex) {
         logger.error("Http post execute error. body={}", body, ex);
      }
   } catch (Exception ex) {
      logger.error("Http post error. body={}", body, ex);
   }
}
问题2:如果使用HttpClient访问外部url,有时候会出现连接超时或应答超时的情况。如果没有超时处理,也会导致内存不足、或线程池被用光。
问题代码:如上。
解决:创建httpClient时,设置几个timeout时间:
//private static HttpClient httpClient = HttpClientBuilder.create().build();
private static CloseableHttpClient httpClient;// = HttpClientBuilder.create().build(); //no timeout handling...
 
static {
   RequestConfig.Builder requestConfigBuilder = RequestConfig.custom();
   //客户端和服务器建立连接的timeout
   requestConfigBuilder.setConnectTimeout(30000);
   //从连接池获取连接的timeout
   requestConfigBuilder.setConnectionRequestTimeout(30000);
   //连接建立后,request没有回应的timeout
   requestConfigBuilder.setSocketTimeout(30000);
 
   HttpClientBuilder clientBuilder = HttpClientBuilder.create();
   clientBuilder.setDefaultRequestConfig(requestConfigBuilder.build());
   clientBuilder.setDefaultSocketConfig(SocketConfig.custom().setSoTimeout(30000).build()); //连接建立后,request没有回应的timeout
   clientBuilder.setKeepAliveStrategy(new DefaultConnectionKeepAliveStrategy());
   httpClient = clientBuilder.build();
}


TAGS:HttpClient使用

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