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java 获取汉字拼音或首字母的方法(通过pinyin4j.jar )

位置:首页 > java教程 > java技巧,2019-02-23 08:02
java 获取汉字拼音或首字母的方法(通过pinyin4j.jar ),数字或英文时直接输出不变。
package huan.lin.help;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.PinyinHelper;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinCaseType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinOutputFormat;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinToneType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinVCharType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.exception.BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination;
public class ChineseCharToEnUtil {
 
 
   /**
     * 将字符串中的中文转化为拼音,其他字符不变
     * 
     * @param inputString
     * @return
     */
    public static String getPingYin(String inputString) {
        HanyuPinyinOutputFormat format = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();
        format.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);
        format.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);
        format.setVCharType(HanyuPinyinVCharType.WITH_V);
 
        char[] input = inputString.trim().toCharArray();
        String output = "";
 
        try {
            for (int i = 0; i < input.length; i++) {
                if (java.lang.Character.toString(input[i]).matches("[\\u4E00-\\u9FA5]+")) {
                    String[] temp = PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(input[i], format);
                    output += temp[0];
                } else
                    output += java.lang.Character.toString(input[i]);
            }
        } catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return output;
    }
    /**  
     * 获取汉字串拼音首字母,英文字符不变  
     * @param chinese 汉字串  
     * @return 汉语拼音首字母  
     */  
    public static String getFirstSpell(String chinese) {   
            StringBuffer pybf = new StringBuffer();   
            char[] arr = chinese.toCharArray();   
            HanyuPinyinOutputFormat defaultFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();   
            defaultFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);   
            defaultFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);   
            for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {   
                    if (arr[i] > 128) {   
                            try {   
                                    String[] temp = PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(arr[i], defaultFormat);   
                                    if (temp != null) {   
                                            pybf.append(temp[0].charAt(0));   
                                    }   
                            } catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {   
                                    e.printStackTrace();   
                            }   
                    } else {   
                            pybf.append(arr[i]);   
                    }   
            }   
            return pybf.toString().replaceAll("\\W", "").trim();   
    }   
    /**  
     * 获取汉字串拼音,英文字符不变  
     * @param chinese 汉字串  
     * @return 汉语拼音  
     */  
    public static String getFullSpell(String chinese) {   
            StringBuffer pybf = new StringBuffer();   
            char[] arr = chinese.toCharArray();   
            HanyuPinyinOutputFormat defaultFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();   
            defaultFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);   
            defaultFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);   
            for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {   
                    if (arr[i] > 128) {   
                            try {   
                                    pybf.append(PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(arr[i], defaultFormat)[0]);   
                            } catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {   
                                    e.printStackTrace();   
                            }   
                    } else {   
                            pybf.append(arr[i]);   
                    }   
            }   
            return pybf.toString();   
    }  
	
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		String cnStr = "讴萘";
		System.out.println("讴萘-->" + getPingYin(cnStr));
		String s = getFirstSpell("公司动r态");
		System.out.println("讴萘-->" + s);
		StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer(s);
		if (sb.length() > 1)
		{
			String ss = sb.delete(1, sb.length()).toString();
			System.out.println("讴萘-->"
					+ Character.toUpperCase(ss.toCharArray()[0]) + "");
		}
	}
}

TAGS:pinyin4j.jarjava 获取汉字拼音java 获取汉字首字母

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