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牛津英语6B语法汇总

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6B语法汇总两个音节以内形容词比较级的构成方式:1.一般在单词的结尾加“-er”,例如:tall–talleryoung–younger2.以e结尾的单词,结尾加“-r”,例如:wide–wider3...

6B语法汇总

两个音节以内形容词比较级的构成方式:
1.一般在单词的结尾加“-er”,例如:tall – taller   young – younger
2.以e结尾的单词,结尾加 “-r”,例如:wide – wider
3.结尾是重读闭音节,而且结尾只有一个辅音时,双写这个辅音再加 “-er”,
例如:big – bigger, hot – hotter
4.结尾是辅音加y时,则将y改为i,再加 “-er”,例如:heavy – heavier
   不规则的形容词比较级:
    good – better       many / much – more    bad – worse 
        形容词比较级句型的用法:
用于两者比较的句子中,常与介词than连用。
句式: 名词(人称代词主格) be 形容词比较级 than名词(人称代词宾格)
陈述肯定句: Su Yang is younger than Su Hai.
否定句: Su Yang isn’t younger than Su Hai.
一般疑问句: Is Su Yang younger than Su Hai?
特殊疑问句: Who is younger than Su Hai?

两者的同级比较(as … as 结构)
句式: 名词(人称代词主格)be as 形容词原级 as名词(人称代词宾格)
陈述肯定句: Su Yang is as young as Su Hai.
否定句: Su Yang isn’t as young as Su Hai.
一般疑问句: Is Su Yang as young as Su Hai?
特殊疑问句: Who is as young as Su Hai?

两个音节以内副词比较级构成方式(参照形容词比较级构成方式)
不规则的副词比较级:
well – better        far – farther 
        牛津英语6B语法|牛津小学英语
副词比较级句型的用法:
句式:句式: 名词(人称代词主格) 行为动词 副词比较级 than名词(人称代词宾格)
例1
陈述肯定句: I jump higher than Liu Tao.
否定句: I don’t jump higher than Liu Tao.
一般疑问句: Do you jump higher than Liu Tao?
特殊疑问句: Who jumps higher than Liu Tao?
例2
陈述肯定句: Liu Tao runs faster than me.
否定句: Liu Tao doesn’t run faster than me.
一般疑问句: Does Liu Tao run faster than you?
特殊疑问句: Who runs faster than you?

be going to (do sth.)  打算做某事
1)表示现在的意图,即打算在最近或将来进行某事,例如:
We are going to post the letter.
2)表示现在已有迹象表明将要发生或即将发生某种事态,例如:
I must hurry, I’m going to be late.
 (常与tomorrow, next week, next year等将来时间连用)
        用法:
陈述肯定句:We are going to give a puppet show next week.
否定句:We aren’t going to give a puppet show next week.
一般疑问句:Are you going to give a puppet show next week?
特殊疑问句:Who is going to give a puppet show next week?
What are you going to do next week?

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